Monday, March 31, 2008

Kesultanan Langkat - A Brief History

BRIEF HISTORY
The Sultanate of Langkat is one of the older states on the north-eastern seaboard of Sumatra. Although dating back to the pre-Islamic age, recorded history is available only from the seventeenth century.

The Royal house served as representatives or local rulers on behalf of the Sultan of Aceh until the early years of the nineteenth century. The arrival of the Europeans during the teens and twenties, and the weakening of Acehnese power in their wake, prompting the Rajas of Langkat to seek to establish their own independence. They threw in their lot with, and accepted the protection of the Sultans of Siak, then the dominant power on the east coast of Sumatra. However, the Acehnese returned during the 1850's and attempted to regain control. The granting of grandiose titles to the local rulers and an administrative presence stemmed the tide for a period. Eventually, Acehnese power was no match for the Europeans. Langkat concluded a separate contract with the Dutch in 1869. They went one better than the Acehnese and recognised the Raja as Sultan in 1887.

The potential for developing the plantation economy was a great temptation to the Dutch and the prospect of income from leases, too great for the Raja. Musa al-Khalidy, assumed the title of Sultan and a reign name to signifying his complete equality with his former overlord. In common with Deli, Asahan and Siak, the sultanate prospered beyond expectation. Rubber demand boomed during the Great War and the ever-growing demand for oil followed during the 1920's and 30's. By the early 1930's the Sultan of Langkat was the wealthiest ruler in Sumatra, thanks to oil royalties from the Pengkalan Brandan fields. All this only served to enhance the envy of the Japanese.

The Second World War soon displaced prosperity as Japanese oppression displaced Dutch colonialism. The end of war, however, did not bring an easy peace. The Communist inspired "social revolution" of 1946 brought hideous bloodshed and loss of life. Amongst the casualties, Tengku Amir Hamzah, scion of the Langkat Royal House and the foremost Malay poet and writer of his generation. The evils of the times did not end quickly as the Dutch attempted to regain control while the Javanese republicans attempted to oust them. Large numbers of the aristocracy perished in these conflicts, chaos reigned supreme and the sultanates all but ceased to function. The reigning Sultan, Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil, died in 1948, one year before the conclusion of hostilities and the recognition of independence by the Dutch. His son was not proclaimed or installed as Sultan.

In common with the Royal House of Deli, the Langkat family was independently wealthy due to the land lease system and the successful oil economy. It opened them to greater intercourse with the wider world, to travel broadly and to value European education. It also enabled them conclude marriage alliances across the Straits of Malacca.

Although the central government in Java was very slow in officially recognising or promoting the restoration of the Sumatran princes, a recent change of policy has been implemented without much publicity. The Langkat dynasty has been one of the few to benefit. They accepted a Head of the Royal House, in the person of Tengku Dr Herman Shah Kamil in 1999. Since his death in 2001, his nephew has been officially installed as Sultan Iskandar Hilali 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah.

STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan (reign name) ibnu al-Marhum (father's title and reign name), Sultan of Langkat, with the style of His Highness.
The principal Royal consort of the ruling prince: Tengku Permaisuri, with the style of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Raja Muda.
The sons, grandsons and other male descendants in the male line, up to the fifth generation: Tengku (personal name) bin (father's name and titles).
The daughters, granddaughters and other female descendants in the male line, up to the fifth generation: Tengku (personal name) binti (father's name and titles).

RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Male primogeniture, the sons of Royal wives taking precedence over those of commoners.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
None known.

GLOSSARY:
See under Malaysia main page.

SOURCES:
John Anderson, Mission to the East Coast of Sumatra in 1823. Oxford in Asia Historical Reprints. Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1971.
M. Hamerster, "Bijdrage tot de kennis van de afdeeling Asahan", Uitgave van het Oostkust van Sumatra-Instituut, Mededeeling No. 13, Amsterdam, 1926.
Dada Meuraxa, Sejarah Kebudayaan Suku-Suku di Sumatera Utara. Sasterawan, Medan, 1973.
Oostkust van Sumatra-Instituut : kroniek, 1925 to 1940, 1941-1946, & 1948 en 1949. Oostkust van Sumatra Instituut, Amsterdam, 1926-1950.

SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Iskandar Hilali 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah al-Haj, the Sultan of Langkat. Ir. Haji Abdul Hamid Arsyad, Datuk Amar di-Raja, Langkat
The late Jeffrey Finestone, Thailand.
Theo Dirk Brouwer, Canada.
Stephen Bunford, UK.
Tengku Zohoriah Haneth, Langkat.

Tengku Dr. Haji Nathan Mahmud, Jakarta.
Vena Siregar. D. Tick, Pusat Dokumentasi Kerajaan-Kerajaan di Indonesia "Pusaka".
pusaka.tick@tiscali.nl

GENEALOGY
ca. 1670 - 16XX Panglima Deva Shahdan, ruler of Langkat. A military commander from Deli, who conquered and established his ruler over Langkat, ca. 1670. He had issue:
• 1) Y.M. Raja Kahar ibni al-Marhum Panglima Deva Shahdan, Raja of Langkat - see below.
• 1) Puteri Hijau binti al-Marhum Panglima Deva Shahdan. Taken as a prisoner to Aceh.
ca. 16XX - 17xx Y.A.M. Raja Kahar ibni al-Marhum Panglima Deva Shahdan, Raja of Langkat, son of Panglima Deva Shahdan, ruler of Langkater.
Succeeded his father. He d. 17xx, having had issue, a son:
• 1) Y.A.M. Sutan Bendahara Raja Badi uz-Zaman ibni al-Marhum Raja Kahar, Raja of Langkat - see below.

17xx - 17xx Y.A.M. Sutan Bendahara Raja Badi uz-Zaman ibni al-Marhum Raja Kahar, Raja of Langkat.
He had issue four sons:
• 1) Y.A.M. Raja Hitam ibni al-Marhum Sutan Bendahara Raja Badi uz-Zaman [Kejeruan Tua], Raja of Langkat - see below.
• 2) Y.M. Raja Wan Jabar. Wakil of Selesai. He had issue:
• a) Y.M. Sutan Muhammad Shaikh. Wakil of Satabat.
• 3) Y.M. Raja Shahdan. Wakil of Pungai.
• 4) Y.M. Raja Indra Bongsu. Wakil of Kota Dalam. m. several wives, including a daughter of the Orang-Kaya Asim, of Pangalan Bulu. He had issue, five sons and several daughters, including:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Wan Johor (half-brother of Sultan Ahmad). m. (first) (div.) Y.M. Raja Wan Perak, daughter of H.H. Sultan 'Amal ud-din I Panglima Mangedar 'Alam Shah ibni al-Marhum Tengku Panglima Gandar Wahid, Sultan of Deli.
• b) Y.A.M. Raja Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Raja Indra Bongsu, Raja of Langkat (s/o the Pangalan Bulu lady) - see below.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Wan Supan (half-brother of Sultan Ahmad).
• d) Y.M. Tengku Wan Shah (half-brother of Sultan Ahmad).
• e) Y.M. Tengku Wan Desan (half-brother of Sultan Ahmad).
• a) Y.M. Raja Wan Chandradevi. m. (div.) Y.A.M. Raja Nobat Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Hitam, Raja Kejuruan Jipura Bilan Jentera Malai , son of Y.A.M. Raja Hitam ibni al-Marhum Sutan Bendahara Raja Badi uz-Zaman [Kejeruan Tua], Raja of Langkat - see below.
• 5) Y.M. Tengku Marim.
• 6) Y.M. Tengku Pandei, of Kejuruan Tindal.

17xx - 1818 Y.A.M. Raja Hitam ibni al-Marhum Sutan Bendahara Raja Badi uz-Zaman [Kejeruan Tua], Raja of Langkat,
eldest son of Y.A.M. Sutan Bendahara Raja Badi uz-Zaman ibni al-Marhum Raja Kahar, Raja of Langkat, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father. Deposed after the conquest of Langkat by the Sultan of Siak, 1818. Fled to Deli, where he raised a force to regain his throne. He was k. in an explosion when trying to regain his domains, 1822, having had issue, three sons and one daughter:
• 1) Y.A.M. Raja Nobat Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Hitam, Raja Bendahara. Contested the succession with his cousin Sultan Ahmad. Installed as Raja Bendahara Kejuruan Jipura Bilan Jentera Malai under the protection of the Sultan of Siak Sri Indrapura, but failed to establish a viable state. m. (first) (div.) Y.M. Raja Wan Chandradevi, daughter of his uncle, Y.M. Raja Indra Bongsu, Wakil of Kota Dalam. m. (second) Y.M. Tengku Fatima, of Siak. He had issue:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Maharaja (s/o Tengku Fatima).
• 2) Y.M. Raja Badr ud-din Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Hitam.
• 3) Y.M. Raja Deo Sedan ibni al-Marhum Raja Hitam.
• 1) A daughter. m. before 1823, H.H. Sultan 'Amal ud-din I Panglima Mangedar 'Alam Shah ibni al-Marhum Tengku Panglima Gandar Wahid, Sultan of Deli (d. 18th March 1824), second son of Tengku Panglima Gandar Wahid [Kanduhid], Amir of Deli - see Indonesia (Deli).

1818 - 1840 Y.A.M. Raja Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Raja Indra Bongsu, Raja of Langkat.
b. ca. 1807, second son of Y.M. Raja Indra Bongsu, Wakil of Kota Dalam, by a daughter of the Orang-Kaya Asim, of Pangalan Bulu, educ. privately. Succeeded on the deposition of his uncle, 1818. Installed as Raja Kejuruan Muda Wallah Jipura Bilad Langkat under the protection of the Sultan of Siak Sri Indrapura. Reigned under the regency of his maternal uncle, the Orang-Kaya Shahbandar Sampei, until he came of age and assumed full ruling powers. m. Y.M. Tengku Kanah, of Siak. He d. 1840, having had issue, two sons and three daughters:
• 1) Y.M. Tengku Sulung Agus ibni al-Marhum Raja Ahmad Shah.
• 2) Y.M. Tengku Ngah Musa, Pangeran Mangku Negara Raja Muda, who became H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mahadiah Mu'azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Ahmad Shah, Sultan of Langkat (s/o Tengku Kanah) - see below.
• 1) Y.M. Tengku Umi Salamah binti al-Marhum Raja Ahmad Shah.
• 2) Y.M. Tengku Ratna Wilis binti al-Marhum Raja Ahmad Shah.
• 3) Y.M. Tengku Lela Utama binti al-Marhum Raja Ahmad Shah.
.
1840 - 1893 H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mahadiah Mu'azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad, Sultan of Langkat.
b. at Tanjung Pura, 1807, second son of Raja Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Raja Indra Bongsu, Sultan of Langkat, by his wife, Tengku Kanah, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, as Raja of Langkat, 1840. Styled Pangeran Mangku Negara Raja Muda. Forced to accept Acehnese sovereignty in 1854, then raised to the title of Pangeran Indra di-Raja Amir, Pahlawan Sultan Aceh. Entered into a contract with the government of the NEI, in which he was recognised as independent of both Aceh and Siak, 26th October 1869. Assumed the title of Sultan and installed at Tanjung Pura, with the style of Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Musa al-Khalid al-Mahadiah Mu'azzam Shah, 1887. Increased his wealth and authority very greatly, by granting land concessions to the Dutch and other European owned planting companies. Abdicated in favour of his second son, 1892. m. (first) at Tanjung Pura, Inche' Syandu, daughter of Orang-kaya Datuk Setia di-Raja, of Hamparan Perak. m. (second) Hajjah Mariam binti Imam Sutan. m. (third) at Tanjung Pura, H.H. Tengku Meshaurah [Maslurah] binti Tengku Besar Desan, Tengku Permaisuri, daughter of Y.M. Tengku Besar Desan, of Langkat. He d. at Tanjung Pura, May 1897, having had issue, sven sons and two daughters:
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Sulong Muhammad Sharif ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Tengku Mangkubumi (s/o Inche' Syandu). Pangeran of Langkat Hulu. m. before 1885, a daughter of Datuk Haji Mat Shah, Datuk Panglima Perang, of Sungei Bangka, in Siak state. He had issue:
• 2) Y.A.M. Tengku Kelana ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah (s/o Inche' Syandu). He had issue, a son:
• a) Y.A.M. Tengku Haji Idris bin Tengku Kelana, Tengku Sri Utama di-Raja. m. Y.A.M. Tengku Salama binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat, by his wife, Inche' Pediwi. He had issue, four sons and three daughters:
• i) Y.M. Tengku Mustafa bin Tengku Haji Idris.
• ii) Y.M. Tengku Fazil bin Tengku Haji Idris.
• iii) Y.M. Tengku Zainal Shaukat bin Tengku Haji Idris.
• iv) Y.M. Tengku Bahriun bin Tengku Haji Idris.
• i) Y.M. Tengku Asiah binti Tengku Haji Idris.
• ii) Y.M. Tengku Akmal binti Tengku Haji Idris.
• iii) Y.M. Tengku Halaida Romana binti Tengku Haji Idris.
• 3) Y.A.M. Tengku 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, who succeeded as H.H. Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat (s/o Tengku Meshaurah) - see below.
• 4) Y.A.M. Tengku Hamzah al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Tengku Indera di-Raja (s/o Hajjah Mariam). Pangeran of Langkat Hilir. He had issue, three sons and three daughters:
• a) Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Adil Rahmad Shah bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj, Pangeran Kusuma Perwira. DH of Binjai 1888-1928, and Wakil Sultan at Luhak Langkat Bengkulu. Rcvd: Knt. of the Order of Orange-Nassau (13.10.1924). m. (first) Y.M. Tengku …, a Royal wife. m. (second) Y.M. Tengku Riom. m. (third) Y.M. Tengku Mahjiwa. He d. at Binjai, 21st June 1928, having had issue, nine sons and three daughters:
• i) Y.M. Tengku 'Abdu'l Hamid bin Tengku Muhammad Adil. m. Y.M. Tengku Sitti.
• ii) Y.M. Tengku Husni Ibrahim bin Tengku Muhammad Adil. m. (first) Y.M. Tengku Bon. m. (second) Y.M. Tengku Khadija.
• iii) Y.M. Tengku Sulaiman bin Tengku Muhammad Adil. m. Inche' Bangun.
• iv) Y.M. Tengku Malik ul-Bahar bin Tengku Muhammad Adil Rahmad Shah. b. before 1910. m. (first) Hermina, née Den Bare, a Dutch lady. m. (second) a daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, Sultan of Langkat.
• v) Y.M. Dr. Tengku 'Abdu'llah Hod bin Tengku Muhammad Adil. b. before 1911 (full-brother of Amir Hamzah), educ. Amsterdam (MD). m. at Amsterdam, Henriette (b. at Amsterdam, 1910; d. 1991), née Snoeck. He d. 1985, having had issue, an only son:
• (1) Y.M. Tengku Dr. Haji Nathan Mahmud bin Tengku 'Abdu'llah Hod. b. at Haarlem, the Netherlands, 1935, educ. Amsterdam (Ph.D., SH, MBA). Dir. Osprey Maritime Ltd. to 2001. m. Hajjah Radin Ayu Sri Siddharti (b. 1934), daughter of Radin Ramijan Viryasuputra [Ramidjan Wirjosaputro], of the Royal House of Mangkunegaran. He has issue, one son and two daughters:
• (a) Y.M. Tengku Haji 'Abdu'llah Iskandar Rahmad Shah bin Tengku Nathan Mahmud [Iskandar Machmud]. b. at Bandung, Java, 6th September 1962, educ. (MBA). m. Istingdiah Sugujanto. He has issue, one son and two daughters:
• (i) Omar Alessandro ar-Rahman Aziz bin Tengku Haji 'Abdu'llah Iskandar Rahmad Shah [Omhar Machmud]. b. 19th September 1998.
• (i) Aanadia Sabrina binti Tengku Haji 'Abdu'llah Iskandar Rahmad Shah [Aanadia Machmud]. b. 18th January 1995.
• (ii) Skana Miaziza Kharima binti Tengku Haji 'Abdu'llah Iskandar Rahmad Shah [Skana Machmud]. b. 18th August 2001.
• (b) Y.M. Tengku Sandra Fauzia binti Tengku Nathan Mahmud. b. at Padju, 21st March 1960, educ. the Netherlands (SH). m. Haji Muhammad Davy Odang, SH. She has issue, four sons:
(i) Davy Muhammad Fauzy Odang. b. 18th May 1987.
(ii) Duhita Karim Odang. b. 21sr March 1990.
(iii) Othman Nathan Aziz Odang. b. 26th May 1993.
(iv) Muhammad Abrar 'Abdu'l Rahman Odang. b. 14th October 1995.
• (c) Y.M. Tengku Hajjah Dr. Mira Alida binti Tengku Nathan Mahmud. b. at Surabaya, Java, 2nd October 1961. m. Haji Dr. Medanto Budijo Kunto. She has issue, one son and two daughters:
(i) Kautzar Azlan Shah Kunto. b. 1st January 1989.
(i) Adinda Rachmania Dinanti Kunto. b. 24th May 1987.
(ii) Jeumpa Fathya Kinanti Kunto. b. 16th March 1998.
• vi) Y.M. Tengku Amir ud-din bin Tengku Muhammad Adil. m. Tengku Najah.
• vii) Y.A.M. Tengku Amir Hamzah bin Tengku Muhammad Adil, Tengku Indraputra. b. at Tanjung Pura, 28th February 1911 (full-brother of 'Abdu'llah Hod), educ. Langkatsche Sch., Tanjung Pura, MULO, Medan and AMS, Solo. Sometime Pangeran of Langkat Hulu, Republican Bupati of the Regency of Langkat 1945-1946. The foremost Malay writer and poet of his generation. m. at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 21st March 1938, Y.A.M. Tengku Kamaliah binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, eldest daughter of his uncle, H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, Sultan of Langkat, by his wife, H.H. Tengku Raudah binti al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah, Tengku Permaisuri, eldest daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji 'Abdu'llah Ni'matu'llah Shah, Yang di-Pertuan of Kualuh and Leidong. He was k. (executed by the rebels during the 'Social Revolution'), 20th March 1946, having had issue, an only daughter:
• (1) Y.M. Tengku Tahura binti Tengku Amir Hamzah. b. 29th July 1939 (d/o Tengku Kamaliah).
• viii) Y.M. Tengku 'Ali Nafiah bin Tengku Muhammad Adil.
• ix) Y.M. Tengku Amal ud-din bin Tengku Muhammad Adil.
• i) Y.M. Tengku Sari Banum binti Tengku Muhammad Adil. m. Tengku Haji Dahlan.
• ii) Y.M. Tengku Idut binti Tengku Muhammad Adil. m. at Binjai, 1st July 1929, Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Daud ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz, sixth son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat, by his fourth wife, Aja Loyah - see below.
• iii) Y.M. Tengku Maheran binti Tengku Muhammad Adil. m. Jack Tobing.
• b) Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Yasin bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj, Tengku Pangeran Setia Indra. b. at Tanjung Pura, 1882. Pangeran of Langkat Hilir 1917-1930, and of Langkat Hulu 1930-1934, Vice-Presdt. Langkat State Cncl. in 1934. Rcvd: Knt. of the Order of Orang-Nassau (1937), and the Great Golden Star for Loyalty and Merit. m. (first) Y.M. Tengku Maharani. m. (second) Y.M. Tengku Rahimah. m. (third) Y.M. Tengku Fatimah Zahra. He d. at Tanjung Pura, 7th May 1957, having had issue, ten children, including two sons and four daughters by Tengku Fatimah Zahra:
• i) Y.M. Tengku Burhan ud-din bin Tengku Muhammad Yasin (s/o Tengku Fatimah Zahra).
• ii) Y.M. Tengku Mazlan bin Tengku Muhammad Yasin (s/o Tengku Fatimah Zahra). m. Y.M. Tengku Milfah binti Tengku Kamil, only daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Kamil ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, sometime Pangeran of Binjai, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Arfah binti al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah, daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah II ibni al-Marhum Tengku Muhammad 'Adil, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Asahan. He had issue, three sons and two daughters:
• (1) Y.M. Tengku Erwin bin Tengku Mazlan.
• (2) Y.M. Tengku Hamzah bin Tengku Mazlan.
• (3) Y.M. Tengku Irwan bin Tengku Mazlan.
• (1) Y.M. Tengku Andromeda binti Tengku Mazlan. m. Haji 'Abdu'l Hamid Arshad [Hamid Arsyad], Datuk Amar di-Raja, Engineer, Sec. to the Sultan of Langkat 2002.
• (2) Y.M. Tengku Carmen Silva binti Tengku Mazlan.
• i) Y.M. Tengku Zaitun binti Tengku Muhammad Yasin (d/o Tengku Fatimah Zahra). m. Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Nur ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, Tengku Bendahara, sometime Cdr. Langkat Barisan Corps and Minister for Finance, son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat, by his wife, H.H. Tengku Fatimah Sham binti Tengku Putih 'Abdu'l Kadir, Tengku Permaisuri, daughter of Y.M. Tengku Putih 'Abdu'l Kadir bin Sutan Aman, of Serdang. She had issue, three sons and four daughters - see below.
• ii) Y.M. Tengku Nasbah binti Tengku Muhammad Yasin (d/o Tengku Fatimah Zahra).
• iii) Y.M. Tengku Zainab binti Tengku Muhammad Yasin. b. 1921 (d/o Tengku Fatimah Zahra).
• iv) Y.M. Tengku Zohoriah Haneth binti Tengku Muhammad Yasin. b. 1922 (d/o Tengku Fatimah Zahra).
• c) Y.M. Tengku Muhammad Yunus bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj. m. Inche' Hartini.
• a) Y.M. Tengku Chantik binti Tengku Hamzah al-Haj. m. Y.M. Tengku Item Gedang.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Tambun binti Tengku Hamzah al-Haj. m. Said Sagaf [Sayyid … Alsagoff?).
• c) Y.M. Tengku Gambut binti Tengku Hamzah al-Haj. m. Y.M. Tengku Zainal Abidin.
• 5) Y.A.M. Tengku 'Umar ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah (s/o Inche' Syandu). Sometime Pangeran of Pulau Kampai.
• 6) Y.A.M. Tengku 'Abdu'llah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah (s/o Inche' Syandu).
• 7) Y.A.M. Tengku 'Abdu'l Majid ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah (s/o Inche' Syandu).
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Ubang Maimuna binti al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah (d/o Hajjah Mariam). m. ca. 1859, Y.A.M. Tuanku Hashim bin Tuanku 'Abdu'l-Kadir Shah, Abangta Muda (b. 1840; d. at Padang Tiji, VII Mukims, Aceh, 22nd January 1897, bur. Masjid Tiji, XXII Mukims), sometime Prince Regent of Aceh, second son of Y.M. Tuanku 'Abdu'l-Kadir bin Tuanku Chut Zainal Abidin. She had issue, one son - see Indone2) Y.A.M. Tengku Putri Aisha [Intan] binti al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah (d/o Tengku Meshaurah). m. Y.A.M. Tengku Syed Embong bin Tengku Syed Khalid, Tengku Pangeran Jaya Setia, son of Y.M. Tengku Syed Khalid bin Tengku Syed Mohammed of Siak. She had issue - see Indonesia (Siak).

1893 - 1927 H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat.
b. at Tanjung Pura, 19th May 1875, third son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mahadiah Mu'azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad, Sultan of Langkat, by his third wife, H.H. Tengku Meshaurah[Maslurah] binti Tengku Besar Desan, Tengku Permaisuri, daughter of Tengku Besar Desan, of Langkat, educ. privately.sia (Aceh).
Proclaimed on the abdication of his father, 1893. Installed at Tanjung Pura, 23rd May 1894. Rcvd: Cdr. of the Order of Orange-Nassau (31.8.1920), Knt. of the Order of the Netherlands Lion, and Cdr. 2nd class of the Order of Henry the Lion of Brunswick (1910). m. (first) 1892, H.H. Tengku Alautiah binti Raja Muda Tengku Sulaiman, Tengku Mahasuri (d. at Tanjung Pura, 31st October 1897), installed at Tanjung Pura, as Tengku Mahasuri 23rd May 1894, daughter of Tengku Sulaiman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Panglima Mangedar Otteman, Raja Muda and Regent of Deli. m. (second) January 1898, H.H. Tengku Aisha binti al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Rashid Mu'adzam Shah, Tengku Permaisuri (d.s.p.11th January 1904), installed at Tanjung Pura, as Tengku Permaisuri January 1898, daughter of H.H. Sultan Zainal Rashid Mu'adzam Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Taj ud-din Mukarram Shah, Sultan of Kedah, by his wife, Tengku Miriam binti Tengku Zia ud-din, eldest daughter of Tunku Zia ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan Zain al-Rashid al-Mu'azzam Shah, sometime Viceroy of Selangor. m. (third) 1905, H.H. Tengku Fatimah Sham binti Tengku Putih 'Abdu'l Kadir, Tengku Permaisuri (cre. 1905) (b. 1890; d. 23rd May 1919), daughter of Tengku Putih 'Abdu'l Kadir bin Sutan Aman, of Serdang, by his wife, Tengku Ngah Saleha binti Tengku Sutan Siddiq, daughter of Sutan Siddiq ibni al-Marhum Sultan Thaf Sinar Bashar Shah, Tengku Temenggong, sometime Wakil at Perbaungan. m. (fourth) Aja Loyah. m. (fifth) Y.M. Tengku Putri. m. (sixth) Tengku Ainum. m. (seventh) at Klang, Selangor, December 1919, H.H. Tengku Putri Zahara binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah, Tengku Permaisuri (b. 18th December 1899; d. 18th January 1982), installed at Tanjung Pura, as Tengku Permaisuri December 1919, daughter of Colonel H.H. Sultan 'Ala ud-din Suleiman Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa, Sultan of Selangor, GCMG, KCVO, by his first wife, H.H. Tengku Maharum binti Tengku Zia ud-din, Tengku Ampuan, daughter of Tengku Zia ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan Zain al-Rashid al-Mu'azzam Shah [Tunku Kudin], Viceroy of Selangor. m. (eighth) Inche' Pediwi. m. (ninth) Inche' Sanggit. He d. at Tanjung Pura, 1st July 1927, having had issue, including, thirteen sons and ten daughters:
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Mahmud, who succeeded as H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, Sultan of Langkat (s/o Tengku Alautiah) - see below.
• 2) Y.A.M. Tengku Kamil ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Tengku Fatimah Sham). Temp. Pangeran of Langkat Hulu in 1934, later Pangeran of Binjai. m. 30th July 1933, Y.A.M. Tengku Arfah binti al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah (d. 1978), daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah II ibni al-Marhum Tengku Muhammad 'Adil, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Asahan, by his fifth wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Zahara, youngest daughter of H.H. Raja Muhammad Yusuf al-Mahdi bin Raja 'Ali, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau. He had issue, five sons and one daughter:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Nasir ud-din bin Tengku Kamil. m. Y.M. Tengku Nazlia Hanim binti Tengku Muhammad 'Ali, daughter of his maternal uncle, Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad 'Ali ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah, of Asahan, by his wife, Y.M. Tengku Nur Aini binti Tengku Salim. He had issue, a daughter:
• i) Y.M. Tengku Mazwin binti Tengku Nasir ud-din. m. Y.M. Tengku Taha ul-Rizal bin Tengku Zia ud-din, second son of Y.A.M. Tengku Zia ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz [Tengku Kuding], by his first wife, Inche' Lusi, née Kepel - see below.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Taj ud-din bin Tengku Kamil.
• c) Y.A.M. Tengku Dr Herman Shah bin Tengku Kamil, Head of the Royal House of Langkat - see below.
• d) Y.M. Tengku Aswan bin Tengku Kamil.
• e) Y.M. Tengku Zulkifli bin Tengku Kamil.
• a) Y.M. Tengku Milfah binti Tengku Kamil. m. Y.M. Tengku Mazlan bin Tengku Muhammad Yasin, second son of Y.M. Tengku Muhammad Yasin bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj. She had issue, three sons and two daughters - see above.
• 3) Y.A.M. Tengku Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz, Tengku Pangeran (s/o Tengku Aisha). m. at the Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 1920, Y.M. Tengku Maharum binti Tunku Zainal Rashid, daughter of Y.A.M. Tunku Zainal-Rashid ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Hamid Halim Shah [Tunku Da'i], of Kedah, in Malaya, by his wife, Y.M. Tengku Nyan binti Tunku Bahadur Shah, daughter of Y.M. Tunku Bahadur Shah bin Tengku Zia ud-din. He had issue, one son:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Mansur bin Tengku Ahmad.
• 4) Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Nur ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz, Tengku Bendahara (s/o Tengku Fatimah Sham). Cdr. Langkat Barisan Corps, Minister for Finance in 1934. m. Y.M. Tengku Zaitun binti Tengku Muhammad Yasin, daughter of Y.M. Tengku Muhammad Yasin bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj. He had issue, three sons and four daughters:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Muhammad Hisham ud-din bin Tengku Muhammad Nur.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Muhammad Fakhri bin Tengku Muhammad Nur.
• c) Y.M. Tengku 'Abdu'l Kamalzat bin Tengku Muhammad Nur.
• a) Y.M. Tengku Nur Aziah binti Tengku Muhammad Nur.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Fauzia binti Tengku Muhammad Nur.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Khairat un 'Azhar binti Tengku Muhammad Nur Aziz [H.H. the Tengku Ampuan of Deli]. b. 6th January 1938. m. (first) a Javanese gentleman, by whom she had issue, four sons and two daughters. m. (second) at the Istana Agong Kota Ma'amun, Medan, 31st January 1990, as his second wife, H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Azmi Perkasa 'Alam Shah Al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Otteman al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam Shah, Sultan of Deli (b. at Medan, 24th April 1936; d. from heart failure, at the Istana Agong Kota Ma'amun, Medan, 4th May 1998), eldest son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Otteman II Perkasa 'Alam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Amal ud-din al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam Shah, Sultan of Deli, by his second wife, Inche' Mariam binti 'Abdu'llah - see Indonesia (Deli)
• d) Y.M. Tengku Farial binti Tengku Muhammad Nur.
• 5) Y.A.M. Tengku Haji Mukhtar ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Tengku Fatimah Sham). m. Inche' Akmal. He had issue, two sons and three daughters:
• a) Y.M. Tengku 'Abdu'l Aziz bin Tengku Haji Mukhtar.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Ahmad Aziz bin Tengku Haji Mukhtar.
• a) Y.M. Tengku Aziza binti Tengku Haji Mukhtar.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Amina binti Tengku Haji Mukhtar.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Asia binti Tengku Haji Mukhtar.
• 6) Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Daud ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Aja Loyah). m. at Binjai, 1st July 1929, Y.M. Tengku Idut binti Tengku Muhammad Adil, second daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Adil Rahmad Shah bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj, Pangeran Kusuma Perwira, sometime DH of Binjai and Wakil Sultan at Luhak Langkat Bengkulu.
• 7) Y.A.M. Tengku Murad ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Tengku Fatimah Sham). m. at the Istana Agong Kota Ma'amun, Medan, 25th November 1948 (or 17th October 1948), Y.A.M. Tengku Hajjah Maheran binti al-Marhum Sultan Otteman al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam Shah, eldest daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Otteman II Perkasa 'Alam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Amal ud-din al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam Shah, Sultan of Deli, by his first wife, Y.M. Raja Amina binti Raja Chulan, Tengku Puan Indra Raja, daughter of Y.A.M. Raja Sir Chulan ibni al-Marhum Paduka Sri Sultan 'Abdu'llah Muhammad Shah Habibu'llah, KBE, CMG, Raja di-Hiler, of Perak. He had issue, one son and four daughters:
• a) H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Iskandar Hilali 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Tengku Murad Aziz, Sultan of Langkat (s/o Hajjah Tengku Maheran) - see below.
• a) Y.M. Tengku Beizura binti Tengku Murad Aziz.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Muchaira binti Tengku Murad Aziz.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Dina binti Tengku Murad Aziz.
• d) Y.M. Tengku Murashida binti Tengku Murad Aziz.
• 8) Y.A.M. Tengku Harun ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Tengku Fatimah Sham). m. Y.M. Tengku Nur Fashrah.
• 9) Y.A.M. Tengku Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz, Maharaja Sungei Binjai. m. Y.A.M. Tengku Salmah binti ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Shah, youngest daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji 'Abdu'llah Ni'matu'llah Shah, Raja and Yang di-Pertuan of Kualuh and Leidong.
• 10) Y.A.M. Tengku Maimun [Maimoen] ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Tengku Fatimah Sham). m. Y.M. Tengku Nomel Badr ul-Buhaja [Badroel Boehaja] binti Tengku Hafas, elder daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Hafas bin Tengku Ismail al-Haj, Tengku Pangeran, sometime Wakil of Bedagai and Pangeran of Langkat Hilir, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Uan Mahanun, daughter of Tuanku Sutan Bidar Alam Shah III, Raja of Bila. He has issue, four sons and three daughters:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Muhammad Airad bin Tengku Maimun.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Kamajaya bin Tengku Maimun.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Alwin bin Tengku Maimun.
• d) Y.M. Tengku Haji Azwar bin Tengku Maimun, who succeeded as H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Azwar 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Tengku Maimun, Sultan of Langkat - see below.
• a) Y.M. Tengku Yunita binti Tengku Maimun.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Hermina binti Tengku Maimun.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Laura binti Tengku Maimun.
• 11) Y.A.M. Tengku Putra ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Tengku Putri Zahara). m. Y.M. Tengku Hazariah. He has issue, four daughters:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Petronella binti Tengku Putra.
• b) Y.M. Tengku Soraya binti Tengku Putra.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Sri Kamala Devi binti Tengku Putra.
• d) Y.M. Tengku Sandra Norliza binti Tengku Putra.
• 12) Y.A.M. Tengku Zia ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz [Tengku Kuding] (s/o Tengku Putri Zahara). m. (first) Inche' Lusi, née Kepel. m. (second) Siti Hawa Ningsih. He has issue, seven sons and five daughters:
• a) Y.M. Tengku Zainal Azali bin Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Inche' Lusi).
• b) Y.M. Tengku Taha ul-Rizal bin Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Inche' Lusi). m. Y.M. Tengku Mazwin binti Tengku Nasir ud-din, daughter of Y.M. Tengku Nasir ud-din bin Tengku Kamil.
• c) Y.M. Tengku Azizan bin Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Inche' Lusi).
• d) Y.M. Tengku Adi bin Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Siti Hawa).
• e) Y.M. Tengku Darma bin Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Siti Hawa).
• f) Y.M. Tengku Priyatna bin Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Siti Hawa).
• g) Y.M. Tengku Kelana Asmara Jaya bin Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Siti Hawa).
• a) Y.M. Tengku Cornelia binti Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Inche' Lusi).
• b) Y.M. Tengku Bariah binti Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Inche' Lusi).
• c) Y.M. Tengku Shavita binti Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Inche' Lusi).
• d) Y.M. Tengku Sri Susanti binti Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Siti Hawa).
• e) Y.M. Tengku Sri Astuti binti Tengku Zia ud-din (s/o Siti Hawa).
• 13) Y.A.M. Tengku 'Abdu'r Rahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Inche' Pediwi).
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Lailan Shahfinah binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz, Tenku Mas. b. 24th October 1903 (d/o Tengku Aisha). Styled Ratu of Bulungan, with the style of Her Highness from 12th November 1926 to 27th March 1930. m. (first) at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 12th November 1926 (zifaf), H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Maulana Ahmad Sulaiman ud-din, Sultan of Bulungan (b. early 1905; d. 27th March 1930), second son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Maulana Muhammad Kasim ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Azim ud-din, Sultan of Bulungan, by his third wife, Rakhmah, by whom she had issue an only son - see Indonesia (Bulungan). m. (second) January 1931, Y.A.M. Tuanku Rajih Anuar ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sulaiman Sharif ul-'Alam Shah, Tengku Putra Mahkota, Head of the Royal House of Serdang (b. at Kota Bahru, 23rd March 1900; d. at Medan, 28th December 1960), eldest son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Tuanku Sulaiman Sharif ul-'Alam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Bashar un-din, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Serdang, by his second wife, Inche' Kurnia Purba, by whom she had further issue, four sons and three daughters - see Indonesia (Serdang).
• 2) Y.A.M. Tengku Shah ul-Bariah binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (s/o Tengku Fatimah Sham). m. (first) Y.M. Tengku Hamid. m. (second) Rusli Siregar. She had issue, two sons and one daughter by her first husband, and one son and one daughter by her second:
a) Y.M. Tengku Aiz us-Thafa bin Tengku Hamid.
b) Y.M. Tengku Amir ul-Aswad bin Tengku Hamid.
c) Umar Siregar.
a) Y.M. Tengku Merri binti Tengku Hamid.
b) Rita Siregar.
• 3) Y.A.M. Tengku Nurillah binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz, Tengku Puan Tengah (d/o Aja Loyah). m. 3rd August 1933, as his second wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Harun al-Rashid ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Sultan Makmun al-Rashid Perkasa 'Alam Shah, Tengku Perdana Mentri (b. at Medan, at Medan, 8th February 1891), second son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Makmun al-Rashid Perkasa 'Alam Shah, Sultan of Deli. She had issue, one son and one daughter - see Indonesia (Deli).
• 4) Y.A.M. Tengku Putri Zainab binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (d/o Tengku Putri). m. 21st July 1933, Y.A.M. Tengku Mansur Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Shah, Tengku Besar (disappeared with his father during the 'Social Revolution' in Sumatra, 4th March 1946), eldest son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji 'Abdu'llah Ni'matu'llah Shah, Raja and Yang di-Pertuan of Kualuh and Leidong - see Indonesia (Kualuh).
• 5) Y.A.M. Tengku Maimuna binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (d/o Tengku Ainum). m. Y.M. Tengku Harison, of Bedagai, Deli, by whom she had issue, four sons and one daughter:
a) Y.M. Tengku Nazman bin Tengku Harison.
b) Y.M. Tengku Usman bin Tengku Harison.
c) Y.M. Tengku Muhammad Rizan bin Tengku Harison.
a) Y.M. Tengku Zulfa binti Tengku Harison. m. Y.A.M. Tengku Mustafa Kamal Pasha ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (b. at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 27th August 1935), son of her maternal uncle, H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, Sultan of Langkat. She has issue, one son - see below.
• 6) Y.A.M. Tengku Aizah binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (d/o Tengku Putri Zahara). m. Y.M. Raja Izzat. She has issue, three sons and one daughter:
a) Y.M. Raja Shukri Amrun bin Raja Izzet.
b) Y.M. Raja Izlin bin Raja Izzet.
c) Y.M. Raja Zulkarnain bin Raja Izzet.
a) Y.M. Raja Latifa Afifi binti Raja Izzet.
• 7) Y.A.M. Tengku Mariam binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (d/o Tengku Putri Zahara). m. Tengku Harris bin Tengku Hafas (b. ca. 1922), third son of Y.A.M. Tengku Hafas bin Tengku Ismail al-Haj, Tengku Pangeran, sometime Wakil of Bedagai and Pangeran of Langkat Hilir, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Uan Mahanun, daughter of Tuanku Sutan Bidar Alam Shah III, Raja of Bila. She has issue, two sons and three daughters - see Indonesia (Deli).
• 8) Y.A.M. Tengku Salama binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (d/o Inche' Pediwi). m. Y.A.M. Tengku Haji Idris bin Tengku Kelana, Tengki Sri Utama di-Raja, son of Y.A.M. Tengku Kelana ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid ul-Mu'azzam Shah. She had issue, four sons and three daughters - see above.
• 9) Y.A.M. Tengku Sauda binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz (d/o Inche' Sanggit). m. Y.M. Tengku Amrun. She has issue, three sons:
a) Y.M. Tengku Khairad bin Tengku Amrun.
b) Y.M. Tengku Kadir bin Tengku Amrun.
c) Y.M. Tengku Ivan bin Tengku Amrun.
• 10) Y.A.M. Tengku Rahima binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz, Tengku Ampuan. b. posthumously, at Kota Dalam, 4th August 1927 (d/o Tengku Putri Zahara). m. 10th March 1956, as his third wife Captain H.R.H. Sultan Salah ud-din 'Abdu'l Aziz Shah Alhaj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Hisam ud-din Alam Shah Alhaj, Sultan of Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan (b. at Istana Bandar Temasha, Kuala Langat, 8th March 1926; d. at the Gleneagles Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, 21st November 2001), son of Group Group Captain H.R.H. Sultan Hisam ud-din Alam Shah al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah, Sultan of Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, KCMG, by his first wife, H.R.H. Raja Hajah Jema'a binti Raja Ahmad, Tengku Ampuan, daughter of Raja Ahmad, of Perak. She d. 27th June 1992, having had issue, two daughters - see Malaysia (Selangor).

1927 - 1948 H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, Sultan of Langkat.
b. at Kota Dalam, 19th July 1893, son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat, by his first wife, H.H. Tengku Alautiah binti Raja Muda Tengku Sulaiman, Tengku Mahasuri, daughter of Tengku Sulaiman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Panglima Mangedar Otteman, Raja Muda and Regent of Deli, educ. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1st July 1927. Installed at the Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 24th October 1927. Attended the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of Queen Wilhelmina, in Amsterdam, 1938. Rcvd: Knt. of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (21.10.1935), GC of the Order of the Dragon of Annam (17.2.1939), and Cdr. of the Order of Leopold II of Belgium (29.3.1939). m. (first) at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 1917, H.H. Tengku Raudah binti al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah, Tengku Permaisuri (b. 8th August 1892; d. 9th March 1971), installed at Tanjug Pura, as Tengku Permaisuri 2nd September 1927, eldest daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji 'Abdu'llah Ni'matu'llah Shah, Yang di-Pertuan of Kualuh and Leidong, by his wife, H.M. Tengku Zubaida binti Tengku Al-Haji Ismail, Tengku Ampuan, daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Al-Haji Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Usman al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam Shah, Tengku Pangeran Nara, of Bedagai, by whom he had issue, 12 children. m. (second) Inche' Sri Dharma [Seridam]. m. (third) Inche' Asmah. He d. at Manggalaan, Medan, 23rd April 1948 (bur. Tengku Pura), having had issue, four sons and ten daughters:
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Musa bin Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, Raja Muda. b. at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 22nd September 1924 (s/o Tengku Raudah). He d.v.p. (disappeared) August/September 1946.
• 2) Y.A.M. Tengku Atha'ar ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, Head of the Royal House of Langkat (s/o Tengku Raudah) - see below.
• 3) Y.A.M. Tengku Yahya ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (s/o Tengku Raudah).
• 4) Y.A.M. Tengku Mustafa Kamal Pasha ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, Head of the Royal House of Langkat (s/o Tengku Raudah) - see below.
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Kamaliah binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). m. at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 21st March 1938, Y.A.M. Tengku Amir Hamzah bin Tengku Muhammad Adil, Tengku Pangeran Indraputra (b. at Tanjung Pura, 28th February 1911; k. 20th March 1946), younger son of Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Adil Rahmad Shah bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj, Pangeran Kusuma Perwira, sometime DH of Binjai and Wakil Sultan at Luhak Langkat Bengkulu. She had issue, one daughter - see above.
• 2) Y.A.M. Tengku Atfah binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). m. Y.M. Tengku Ramli.
• 3) Y.A.M. Tengku Kalsum binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). Attended the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of Queen Wilhelmina, in Amsterdam, 1938. m. Hasan Darus.
• 4) Y.A.M. Tengku Latifa Hanum binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). Attended the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of Queen Wilhelmina, in Amsterdam, 1938. m. Y.M. Tengku Razali bin Tengku Hafas, fourth son of Y.A.M. Tengku Hafas bin Tengku Ismail al-Haj, Tengku Pangeran, sometime Wakil of Bedagai and Pangeran of Langkat Hilir, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Uan Mahanun, daughter of Tuanku Sutan Bidar Alam Shah III, Raja of Bila. She has issue, one son and eight daughters - see Indonesia (Deli).
• 5) Y.A.M. Tengku Bainah binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). m. Y.M. Tengku Sulaiman.
• 6) Y.A.M. Tengku Ajerun binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). m. Y.M. Tengku Shahrul.
• 7) Y.A.M. Tengku Mahseran binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). m. Yopie Endoh.
• 8) Y.A.M. Tengku Nur Jahan binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Tengku Raudah). m. Major-General Barkah Tirtadijaya, Ambassador to Egypt 1984.
• 9) Y.A.M. Tengku Zahariah binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Inche' Sri Dharma).
• 10) Y.A.M. Tengku Basrah binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah (d/o Inche' Asmah).
• A daughter. m. before 1938, as his second wife, Y.M. Tengku Malik ul-Bahar bin Tengku Muhammad Adil Rahmad Shah (b. before 1910), son of Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad Adil Rahmad Shah bin Tengku Hamzah al-Haj, Pangeran Kusuma Perwira, sometime DH of Binjai and Wakil Sultan at Luhak Langkat Bengkulu - see above.

[1948 - 1990] Y.A.M. Tengku Atha'ar ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, Head of the Royal House of Langkat.
b. at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 14th November 1929, second son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, Sultan of Langkat, by his first wife, H.H. Tengku Raudah binti al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah, Tengku Permaisuri. Succeeded as Head of the Royal House of Langkat, on the death of his father, 23rd April 1948. m. Y.M. Tengku Radliya binti Tengku Mansur Shah, eldest daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Mansur Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Shah, Tengku Besar, sometime Regent of Kualuh, by his wife, Tengku Darjat, eldest daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Asahan. He d. (s.p?) 14th June 1990.

[1990 - 1999] Y.A.M. Tengku Mustafa Kamal Pasha ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, Head of the Royal House of Langkat.
b. at Istana Dar ul-Aman, Tanjung Pura, 27th August 1935, youngest son of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Mahmud 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz, Sultan of Langkat, by his first wife, H.H. Tengku Raudah binti al-Marhum Tuanku Al-Haji Muhammad Shah, Tengku Permaisuri. Succeeded as Head of the Royal House of Langkat, on the death of his elder brother, 14th June 1990. m. Y.M. Tengku Zulfa binti Tengku Harison, only daughter of Y.M. Tengku Harison, of Bedagai, Deli, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Maimuna binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat. He had issue, a son:
• 1) Y.M. Tengku Azihar bin Tengku Mustafa Kamal Pasha.

[1999 - 2001] Y.A.M. Tengku Dr Herman Shah bin Tengku Kamil, Head of the Royal House of Langkat,
third son of Tengku Kamil ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Arfah binti al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah, daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Muhammad Husain Rahmad Shah II ibni al-Marhum Tengku Muhammad 'Adil, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Asahan. Recognised by the thirteen chiefs of Langkat as Sultan designate 22nd May 1999, but never confirmed by the government of Indonesia or formally installed. He d. 2001.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers

Copyright© Christopher Buyers
2001 - 2003 H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Iskandar Hilali 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah al-Haj ibnu al-Marhum Tengku Murad Aziz, Sultan of Langkat.
b. at Medan, 29th September 1952, only son of Y.A.M. Tengku Murad Aziz ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, by his wife, Y.A.M. Hajjah Tengku Maheran binti al-Marhum Sultan 'Alam Shah Otteman al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam, eldest daughter of H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan 'Alam Shah Otteman II al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Amal ud-din al-Sani Perkasa 'Alam Shah, Sultan of Deli. Succeeded his first cousin as Head of the Royal House of Langkat, 2001. Selected by the thirteen hereditary chiefs and nobles of the principality as Sultan of Langkat, 29th May 2002. Installed at Tanjung Pura, with the title of Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Iskandar Hilali 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah al-Haj, 27th October 2002. m. Y.M. Hajjah Dr. Mirla Safrina. He d. suddenly, in hospital, at Medan, 21st May 2003 (bur. Azizi Mosque, Tanjung Pura).
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
Copyright© Christopher Buyers

2003 H.H. Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Azwar 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Tengku Maimun, Sultan of Langkat.
b. at Medan, 21st January 1951, as Tengku Azwar Aziz, youngest son of Y.A.M. Tengku Maimun [Maimoen] ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Aziz 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah, by his wife, Y.M. Tengku Nomel Badr ul-Buhaja [Badroel Boehaja] binti Tengku Hafas, educ. Head of the Dept. of Industry & Trade, Govt. of North Sumatra. Recognised by the thirteen hereditary chiefs and nobles of the principality as Sultan of Langkat, 21st May 2003. Installed on the same day, at the Balairung, Istana Agong Kota Ma'amun, Medan, with the title of Sri Paduka Tuanku Sultan Azwar 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah al-Haj. m. Y.M. Hajjah Marina Indera (b. at Medan, 1st March 1958). He has issue, one son and one daughter:
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Arifanda bin Tuanku Sultan Azwar 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah.
• 1) Y.A.M. Tengku Anissa Feloini binti Tuanku Sultan Azwar 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah.


Source: Tengku Irham Kelana ~ Perhimpunan Melayu on facebook.

5 comments:

  • Rasanya tarikh -tarikh yang terdapat disini tak berapa tepat. Khusunya berkenaan Sultan Bendahara Raja Badi uz Zaman, Rasanya beliau minggal dunia dalam tahun 187x - ada blog website yang lebih tepat menyatakan begitu. Ini kerana Baginda juga adalah orang ang sama dengan Tok Pasai. Dann tok Pasai itu meninggal dalam sekitar 187x mengikut orang2 yang mengetahui kisah beliau dulu ni di Kuala Kedah. Boleh tak tarikh itu di baiki atau dikaji lagi.? Untuk mengelakakkan kekeliruan. Terima kasih.

    October 29, 2010 at 12:02 AM

  • Syukur ALHAMDULILLAH hal yang tidak pernah terbayankan dan tidak pernah terpikirkan kalau saya bisa seperti ini,mungkin dulu saya adalah orang yang paling termiskin didunia,karna pekerjaan saya cuma pemulun dan pendapatan saya tidak bisa mengcukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya dan suatu saat kami kumpul baren sesama pemulun dan ada teman saya yg berkata,ada dukun yang bisa menembus semua nomor yg namanya MBAH KABOIRENG dan saya meminta nomor MBAH KABOIRENG pada teman saya,dan tanpa banyak pikir saya langsun menghubungi MBAH KABOIRENG dan alhamdulillah dgn senang hati MBAH KABOIRENG ingin membantu saya asalkan saya bisa memenuhi pendaftaran untuk masuk member,dan saya dibantu dalam 5x putaran dan alhamdulillah itu semuanya benar benar terbukti tembus,saya sangat berterimah kasih banyak kepada MBAH KABOIRENG berkat bantuan beliau,sekaran saya sdh mau membuka usaha untuk masa depan kami dan sankin senannya saya tidak bisa mengunkapkan dengan kata kata,bagi anda yang ingin seperti saya silahkan hubungi MBAH KABOIRENG di 0823~2221~2111 MBAH KABOIRENG memang para normal yg paling terhebat dan tidak seperti para normal yg lainnya yg kerjanya cuma bisa menguras uang orang,jika ada yang memakai atau mengambil pesan ini tanpa ada nama MBAH KABOIRENG dan nomor beliau itu cuma penipuan dan itu cuma palsu,,ingat kesempatan tidak datang untuk kedua kalinya. KLIK TOGEL JITU DISINI



    Syukur ALHAMDULILLAH hal yang tidak pernah terbayankan dan tidak pernah terpikirkan kalau saya bisa seperti ini,mungkin dulu saya adalah orang yang paling termiskin didunia,karna pekerjaan saya cuma pemulun dan pendapatan saya tidak bisa mengcukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya dan suatu saat kami kumpul baren sesama pemulun dan ada teman saya yg berkata,ada dukun yang bisa menembus semua nomor yg namanya MBAH KABOIRENG dan saya meminta nomor MBAH KABOIRENG pada teman saya,dan tanpa banyak pikir saya langsun menghubungi MBAH KABOIRENG dan alhamdulillah dgn senang hati MBAH KABOIRENG ingin membantu saya asalkan saya bisa memenuhi pendaftaran untuk masuk member,dan saya dibantu dalam 5x putaran dan alhamdulillah itu semuanya benar benar terbukti tembus,saya sangat berterimah kasih banyak kepada MBAH KABOIRENG berkat bantuan beliau,sekaran saya sdh mau membuka usaha untuk masa depan kami dan sankin senannya saya tidak bisa mengunkapkan dengan kata kata,bagi anda yang ingin seperti saya silahkan hubungi MBAH KABOIRENG di 0823~2221~2111 MBAH KABOIRENG memang para normal yg paling terhebat dan tidak seperti para normal yg lainnya yg kerjanya cuma bisa menguras uang orang,jika ada yang memakai atau mengambil pesan ini tanpa ada nama MBAH KABOIRENG dan nomor beliau itu cuma penipuan dan itu cuma palsu,,ingat kesempatan tidak datang untuk kedua kalinya. KLIK TOGEL JITU DISINI

    March 31, 2014 at 12:59 PM

  • saya mengucapkan banyak terimakasih kepada MBAH KABOIRENG yang telah menolong saya dalam kesulitan,ini tidak pernah terfikirkan dari benak saya kalau nomor yang saya pasang bisa tembus dan ALHAMDULILLAH kini saya sekeluarga sudah bisa melunasi semua hutang2 kami,sebenarnya saya bukan penggemar togel tapi apa boleh buat kondisi yang tidak memunkinkan dan akhirnya saya minta tolong sama MBAH KABOIRENG dan dengan senang hati MBAH KABOIRENG mau membantu saya..,ALHAMDULIL LAH nomor yang dikasi MBAH KABOIRENG semuanya bener2 terbukti tembus dan baru kali ini saya menemukan dukun yang jujur,jangan anda takut untuk menhubungiya jika anda ingin mendapatkan nomor yang betul2 tembus seperti saya,silahkan hubungi MBAH KABOIRENG DI 082=322=212=111 ingat kesempat tidak akan datang untuk yang kedua kalinga dan perlu anda ketahui kalau banyak dukun yang tercantum dalam internet,itu jangan dipercaya kalau bukan nama MBAH KABOIRENG KLIK TOGEL 2D 3D 4D 6D DISINI











    saya mengucapkan banyak terimakasih kepada MBAH KABOIRENG yang telah menolong saya dalam kesulitan,ini tidak pernah terfikirkan dari benak saya kalau nomor yang saya pasang bisa tembus dan ALHAMDULILLAH kini saya sekeluarga sudah bisa melunasi semua hutang2 kami,sebenarnya saya bukan penggemar togel tapi apa boleh buat kondisi yang tidak memunkinkan dan akhirnya saya minta tolong sama MBAH KABOIRENG dan dengan senang hati MBAH KABOIRENG mau membantu saya..,ALHAMDULIL LAH nomor yang dikasi MBAH KABOIRENG semuanya bener2 terbukti tembus dan baru kali ini saya menemukan dukun yang jujur,jangan anda takut untuk menhubungiya jika anda ingin mendapatkan nomor yang betul2 tembus seperti saya,silahkan hubungi MBAH KABOIRENG DI 082=322=212=111 ingat kesempat tidak akan datang untuk yang kedua kalinga dan perlu anda ketahui kalau banyak dukun yang tercantum dalam internet,itu jangan dipercaya kalau bukan nama MBAH KABOIRENG KLIK TOGEL 2D 3D 4D 6D DISINI

    August 17, 2014 at 10:13 AM

  • kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T
    dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI
    berikan 4 angka 2756 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI.
    dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang
    ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya
    allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi
    kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI..
    sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel
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    2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel

    3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel


    4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat


    5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya
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    Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus asah... KI .JAYA akan membantu
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    angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/



    angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/



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    angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/



    angka GHOIB; laos

    August 27, 2014 at 9:06 AM


  • SAYA UCAPKAN TERIMA KASIH KEPADA AKI WIJAYA, YANG SUDAH MEMBANTU KESUSAHAN SAYA

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    SAYA SANGAT BERSUKUR SEKALI KARENA NOMOR YG DIBERIKAN 4D(4541) TEMBUS 100%.

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    -JIKA ANDA SERING KALAH DALAM BERMAIN TOGEL…

    -APAKAH ANDA TERMASUK DALAM KATEGORI DIBAWAH INI

    1. Di Lilit Hutang

    2. Selalu kalah Dalam Bermain Togel

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    ANGKA TOGEL YANG DIBERIKAN AKI WIJAYA.TIDAK PERLU DIRAGUKAN LAGI.SAYA JAMIN 100%

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    .(`’•.¸(` ‘•. ¸* ¸.•’´)¸.•’´)..

    «´ Thanks sOb rOoMnyA ¨`»

    ..(¸. •’´(¸.•’´ * `’•.¸)`’•.¸ )..

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    August 31, 2014 at 12:51 AM

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